What's Causing Pigmentation?

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The problem with pigmentation irregularities, is that it is really difficult to find the root of the problem 🕵🏻‍♀️. It can be related to hormonal imbalances, the contraceptive pill, medication, stress, and/or UV damage ☀️ . It could also come from a post procedural treatment such as laser, derma rolling or injections 💉.

Before trying to remove your pigmentation, it is very important to find the root of the problem as it can dramatically help your skin tone🔑. Chloasma  for example (which we will discuss further down), can often fade after pregnancy or when the contraceptive pill is discontinued. This is why before buying multiple whitening and anti-pigmentation treatments try to find out what caused it💡!

Note: the answer might also hide behind your skincare products. The most commonly found and known photo-sensitisers are:


⚡️Essential Oils (absolutes) : Jasmine, Lavendar, Ylang Ylang oil, bergamot, lemon, lime, orange, mandarin, juniper, tee trea.


⚡️Sun screen (yes you heard us correctly, some chemical sunscreens such as Glyceryl-paminobenzoate are photo-sensitising and cause allergic reactions such as dermatitis).

⚡️Topical acne medication: benzoyl peroxide or isotretinoin

If you are using any of the above products, make sure to use them at night and wash them off in the morning as well as apply a 50SPF sunscreen. The golden rule is to never have them on your skin when stepping out of your house 🏠 - can create unwanted pigmentations, especially if your skin is already sensitised by the sun or is of a sensitive type 🥀 !


or Melasma, your sexy Summer Mustache👨🏻‍💼

  • Origin: Hormonal pigmentation commonly caused by pregnancy, ovarian dysfunction, contraceptive pill and other types of medications.

  • Face: Appears frequently on the upper area of the lip. 

  • Good to know: Those with this skin concern, may be genetically predisposed, as our genets play a major part in the development of melasma. 

  • Top tips: Find the root of the problem. By targeting the root issue rather than the symptoms, this can  dramatically improve the pigmentation. Also, protect skin everyday from the sun. 

With so many amazing SPF ☀️ options today, there is no excuse. Bare in mind, you need to boost your morning sunscreen throughout the day (especially if you are spending time outdoors). Applying sunscreen in the morning is the first step 👏🏻, the second is topping it up until the sun goes to sleep👏🏻👏🏻. Some of our favourite products are SPF mists💨, that help to keep the skin not only hydrated💦, but fully protected 🛡 !

Another great product to have on hand is an SPF Lip Balm 💄 ! They are so important to protect our delicate lips. and also prevent pigmentations from appearing. For those prone to Chloasma and Melasma, we recommend you purchase a simple uncoloured balm and apply it evenly on the upper lip area. Follow with a matifying powder - all hidden without a trace 🕵🏻‍♀️!


or Irregular Pigmented Patches 🐄 

  • Origin: Repeated sun exposure.

  • Location: They appear in the most sun exposed areas such as the hands, décolleté and face. Don’t think that they will stay as light as they are right now - they tend to turn much darker with age.

  • Good to know: Solar lentigines are most often found in 40-50 years olds, but are more and more present in younger skins due to the increased exposure to the sun.

  • What to do: Prevent them by applying sunscreen everyday.

Warning ⚠️ ! Don’t forget to protect your hands 🤲🏻! This is one of the first parts of the body to show any signs of ageing. We love Shanni Darden’s advice to treat hands like you treat your face✨. She recommends exfoliating this area (Dr. Dennis Gross Alpha Beta Peels are perfect) and protect them with sunscreen ☀️ !


 Freckles AKA Ksenia’s Face

  • Origin: Genetics, they are more common in fair-skinned, red or blond-haired caucasians. They are caused by the sun but are not sun damage ! This is why they tend to intensify in summer and fade in winter.

  • Location: Depends on the person. For me, they are all over my most vulnerable sun exposed areas such as my face, shoulders, arms, even my ears.

  • Good to know: If you had freckles when you were younger, we are able to see them in the Complexion Analysis light of the OBSERV - so if you want a little TBT of your skin book a consultation with us. More seriously, those who have freckles are more susceptible to skin cancer and pigmentation grouping on the face.

  • Best thing to do: Protect your skin. Sunny? Sunscreen. Cloudy? Sunscreen. Winter? Summer? Sunscreen!